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February 20 2013 | UNITED STATES

A.P. e ANSA - USA – Federal Appeal Court: mental retardation to consider, Warren Hill's execution halted at the very last minute. (EN e IT))

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 US appeals court halts Georgia execution


Associated Press

 JACKSON, Georgia (AP) _ A U.S. appeals court halted the execution Tuesday of a Georgia man who killed a fellow prisoner in 1990, issuing a last-minute order to allow more time to consider claims that he's mentally disabled.

 The 11th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals granted the stay of execution as Warren Lee Hill was being prepared for lethal injection. In a 2-1 decision, a panel of the U.S. appeals court said further review is needed of recent affidavits by doctors who changed their minds about Hill's mental capacity.

 ``In other words, all of the experts _ both the State's and the petitioner's _ now appear to be in agreement that Hill is in fact mentally retarded,'' judges in the majority wrote in their order.

 Earlier in the day, the state parole board, the Supreme Court of Georgia and the U.S. Supreme Court had all declined to stop the execution.

 Hill was sentenced to death for the 1990 beating death of fellow inmate Joseph Handspike. Authorities say he used a board studded with nails to bludgeon Handspike while he slept and other prisoners pleaded with Hill to stop. At the time Hill was already serving a life sentence for murder in the 1986 slaying of his girlfriend, Myra Wright, who had been shot 11 times.

 Hill has received support from various activists and from former President Jimmy Carter and his wife Rosalynn.

 ``Georgia should not violate its own prohibition against executing individuals with serious diminished capacity,'' President Carter said in a statement.

 Hill's lawyers argue that he is mentally disabled and therefore shouldn't be executed. The state maintains that the defense failed to meet its burden of proving beyond a reasonable doubt that Hill is mentally disabled.

 Death penalty defendants in Georgia have to prove they are mentally disabled beyond a reasonable doubt to avoid execution, the strictest standard in America. Hill's lawyers have said the high standard for proving mental disability is problematic because psychiatric diagnoses are subject to a degree of uncertainty that is virtually impossible to overcome. But Georgia's strict standard has repeatedly been upheld by state and federal courts.

 Georgiapassed a law in 1988 prohibiting the execution of mentally disabled death row inmates, and the U.S. Supreme Court ruled in 2002 that the execution of mentally disabled offenders is unconstitutional.

 Hill's lawyers last week released new sworn statements from the three doctors who examined Hill in 2000 and testified before the court that he was not mentally disabled. The doctors wrote in their new statements that they were rushed in their evaluation at the time, they have acquired additional experience and that there have been scientific developments in the intervening 12 years. All three reviewed facts and documents in the case and wrote that they now believe that Hill is mentally disabled.

 The state questioned the credibility of the doctors' statements. These doctors met with Hill and reviewed extensive documentation in the case in 2000, but they haven't seen him since and didn't have significant new information in front of them during their recent review, the state argued. Therefore, it is not credible that they are able to refute the testimony they were so adamant about in 2000, the state argued.

 The state has cited expert testimony and IQ tests that concluded Hill was not mentally disabled. Before trial, Hill's family members described him as ``the leader of the family'' and ``a father figure,'' the state notes. He was not in special education classes and served in the Navy, where he received promotions, the state said.

 The defense has referenced a state court judge's assessment that Hill was mentally disabled and a test that showed his IQ to be about 70. The defense also cited expert testimony that it is not unusual for someone who is mildly mentally disabled to be able to function at a satisfactory level in an environment as structured as the military. With the new statements from the three doctors last week, all doctors who examined him now agree that Hill is mentally disabled, Hill's defense argued.






(ANSA) - NEW YORK, 20 FEB - All'ultimo minuto, una corte

d'appello federale ha fermato la mano del boia che in Georgia

doveva mettere a morte un uomo di 52 anni, Warren Hill,

afroamericano, giudicato colpevole di omicidio: l'esecuzione e'

stata sospesa perche' il condannato ha solo 70 di quoziente

intellettivo e diversi medici che lo hanno esaminato hanno

stabilito che ha un ritardo mentale.

Cio' nonostante, appena tre ore prima dell'esecuzione, la

Corte Suprema della Georgia aveva respinto un ultimo appello per

salvargli la vita. La notizia della sospensione della sentenza

e' arrivata quando al condannato era gia' stato somministrato un

sedativo, per prepararlo all'iniziezione letale.

I suoi avvocati, assieme a diverse associazioni per la difesa

dei diritti umani, si sono battuti su tutti i fronti,

sottolineando che l'esecuzione sarebbe stata incostituzionale,

poiche' nel 2002 la Corte Suprema degli Stati Uniti ha stabilito

che ''le persone con ritardi mentali dovrebbero categoricamente

essere escluse dalle esecuzioni''. L'alta Corte ha pero' di

fatto lasciato spazio agli stati dell'Unione di decidere se un

condannato abbia ritardi tali da evitargli la pena capitale e la

Georgia afferma che le disabilita' mentali dei condannati devono

essere provate ''oltre ogni ragionevole dubbio''.

Tre psichiatri forensi che avevano testimoniato sostenendo

che il ritardo mentale Hill non era cosi' grave da evitargli la

pena capitale hanno peraltro fatto marcia indietro, affermando

in una dichiarazione scritta che la loro valutazione

dell'imputato era stata ''affrettata''.

La condanna di Hill risale al 1992, quando e' stato giudicato

colpevole di aver ucciso un suo compagno di cella nella prigione

dove gia' stava scontando l'ergastolo per l'assassinio della sua

ragazza. Gia' nel luglio scorso la sua condanna a morte era

stata sospesa, un'ora prima dell'esecuzione, in base ad un

appello contro il medicinale che la Georgia usa per le iniezioni

letali dei condannati, usato normalmente per praticare

l'eutanasia agli animali.

La nuova sospensione della condanna di Hill arriva in un

momento in tutti gli Stati Uniti il sostegno alla pena capitale

sembra calare sensibilmente. Il numero delle condanne a morte

nel 2011 e 2012 ha raggiunto il record piu' basso, in calo del

75 per cento rispetto al 1996. Anche in Georgia non erano state

piu' eseguite condanne sin da quella, particolarmente

controversa, di Troy Davis, nel settembre 2011.

Per salvare la vita a Hill si sono mobilitati l'ex presidente

Jimmy Carter e alcune associazioni per la difesa dei diritti

umani, e anche la famiglia della sua vittima, oltre a diversi

opinionisti. In un editoriale, il New York Times, ha fatto

notare come ''la Corte Suprema ha vietato dieci anni fa la

condanna a morte per i ritardati mentali, ma apparentemente la

Georgia non ha ricevuto il messaggio''. (ANSA).

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