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October 13 2013 | VIAREGGIO, ITALY

World Day against the Death Penalty: a long way between good news and challenges ahead. We publish the interview with Stefania Tallei of the Sant'Egidio Community to Vatican Radio.It follows.

 
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World day against the death penalty : 140 Countries that have abolished it


Over the last 10 years the Countries that use the death penalty decreased from 29 to 21 , but since 2012 there is a group of States that has started again the execution of death penalty , including Gambia, India, Indonesia , Kuwait , Nigeria, Pakistan and Vietnam. This year, the” World Day against the death penalty” has been dedicated to the English-speaking Caribbean Countries , 13 of which still provide it by law , even if the last execution was in 2008. Barbados and Trinidad and Tobago , while not making executions respectively from 1984 and 1999, provide that the death penalty may be imposed by obligatory mandate . The States that yet apply the death penalty , as a response to the increase in crimes within them, show a decrease in crimes ? Elvira Ragosta has asked Stefania Tallei , representative on the death penalty  of the Sant'Egidio Community: RealAudioMP3

Answer - Absolutely not. This is proven. It is a certainty that the use of the death penalty calls more violence. Every State needs to introduce tools that are consequences to their own laws on which you can work . There are States that change the Constitution , take away the death penalty and are equipped with tools to ensure safety. This is the important thing : how to ensure safety. And we have the certainty that the death penalty does not do this. Today the prison is safer than ever before. The death penalty , after all, was born when the prison was not a guarantee that the person could not escape. Today is different.

Question - Since 2012, the executions resumed in Countries such as Vietnam , Pakistan , Kuwait , Nigeria , Indonesia, India, Gambia. In reality , however, there are 140 countries that have abolished the death penalty by law or practice ...

Answer - There is a very demanding work to do because in these Countries, where executions have  restarted again,  everyone has his own reason, his mentality , his payoff ... But , on the other hand, there is a growing awareness that violence is not the appropriate response. I think we have to work a lot . Italy , like other Countries , who do not have the death penalty, states: "But what is the reason why we have to deal with the death penalty if we do not use it ? " . It is just that! Because in the globalized world everyone can do his part in order to help another Country - and especially its rulers - to understand, to make right choices. Every Country which has made this choice can help another one to make the right choice . We have requests for help from the Countries who still use the death penalty, because their ministers, governors would want to abolish the death penalty  but they are afraid not to get the population support . We shall work a lot in order to make people change their opinion, we shall work on young people, in the schools ...by many tools.


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Site Vatican Radio

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