Le donazioni alla Comunità di Sant'Egidio sono fiscalmente deducibili
secondo la normativa vigente
 
Anche quest'anno è possibile destinare il 5x1000 alla Comunità di Sant'Egidio
Scrivi il numero 80191770587 nella dichiarazione dei redditi

Andrea Riccardi: sul web

Andrea Riccardi: sui social network

Andrea Riccardi: la rassegna stampa

change language
sei in: no pena di morte - news contattinewsletterlink

Sostieni la Comunità

 
10 Dicembre 2010 | THAILANDIA

Thailand

Per la prima volta il Parlamento tailandese esaminerà una proposta di legge per abolire la pena capitale

 
versione stampabile

Editorial, Bangkok Post

As the World Day for Human Rights is celebrated once again today, Thailand has a new stance on the issue. For the 1st time, the government has declared an intention to abolish the death penalty, as announced in the human rights plan for the years 2009-2013.

On Oct 20 last year, the cabinet approved and proclaimed the Second National Human Rights Plan, which was circulated to all relevant government offices for adoption in a human rights programme to be implemented by ministries, departments and in the development planning of local authorities.

This 2nd strategic plan promises a development of the legal system and its structure, including its enforcement for the protection of human rights according to human rights policy.

The most important measure relate to the death penalty. Parliament will discuss the abolition of the death penalty and its replacement with life imprisonment.

The parliamentary debate creates a different perspective to that of individual debate which is usually based only on moral arguments. From a political viewpoint, the death penalty is counter to the rule of law and respect for the human rights due in a democratic society.

There is great wisdom for a political perspective on the death penalty to be found in the experience of the Council of Europe, the vast association of 47 states that stretches from the Atlantic to the Pacific and embraces a wide spectrum of cultures.

"Capital punishment brutalises society by legitimising cold-blooded killing as justice. It is a fallacy that it prevents violent crime or that it can be considered as justice," said the director-general of the EC on Human Rights in Strasbourg in January 2007.All its member states are convinced that abolition of the death penalty is a mark of civilised living. In a response to the counter example that US adherence to the death penalty legitimises capital punishment, the European Court of Human Rights argued in July 1989 that even the conditions on death row in the United States went beyond the threshold set by the European Convention on Human Rights. This is an indictment of the US practice of capital punishment as "unfair, indiscriminate, and arbitrary".

Now there are 58 countries that still retain capital punishment, while 104 countries have abolished it and 35 have stopped executions in practice.

At least 714 people were executed in 2009, though this total does not include China, which did not provide a figure. The 18 countries known to have conducted executions last year were: Bangladesh, Botswana, China, Egypt, Iran, Iraq, Japan, Libya, Malaysia, North Korea, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Sudan, Syria, Thailand, the US, Vietnam and Yemen.

In Thailand, 708 persons were condemned to death, 65 of them by the Supreme Court, according to figures of the Corrections Department as of August 2010.

It will be argued that the Thai population is massively in favour of the death penalty. As they will be, until the reasons for abolition are explained and laid out by an informed political leadership.

Already, the number of executions in Thailand has dropped to only 2 cases in the last 6 years. As in most other countries maintaining the death penalty, there is a dichotomy between legal procedure and actual practice.

While executions have virtually ceased, sentences of death are passed with the same frequency as in the past, leading to the misery of overcrowded jails and blocked legal procedure. Living conditions for prisoners condemned to death are inhuman, especially due to the permanent shackling once the death sentence is passed in the court of 1st instance - a practice prohibited in international law and ruled unacceptable by the Administrative Court.

Many members of the Thai administration are aware of the worldwide rejection of the death penalty and favour abolition. But the debate will not be easy. It is likely that there will be opposition to change from at least two important ministries. The Interior Ministry recently announced an initiative, relying on a mass signature campaign, to halve the quantity of drugs which would lead to a penalty of death, thereby almost doubling the numbers condemned.

The Justice Ministry has suggested proceeding with executions in cases where a royal pardon has not been granted within 60 days. Fortunately, the Corrections Department has refused to carry out executions where the process of royal pardon has not been explicitly completed.

As stated in the Second Human Rights Plan, the proposal is to replace the death sentence with life imprisonment. This needs careful consideration and expert advice. Life imprisonment can mean many things in many countries. Imprisonment without ever the possibility of release may even be more inhumane than the death penalty. In many countries a life sentence means a period of 15 to 30 years, with particular rules on when parole may be granted. It is unlikely that the Thai population, accustomed to sentences of inordinate length, would accept such a short period, suspecting that a corrupt system might allow inappropriate remission of sentence and release.

There is a genuine fear that violent persons would repeat their crime and many would prefer that all offenders be imprisoned for ever, rather than that some would be released and offend again.

An experienced representative of the Council of Europe has proposed that progress be made in stages, beginning with a moratorium on all executions. This allows a population to grow in acceptance and also gives time for an information campaign to promote a new appreciation of human rights where human life is inviolable.

There will be difficulties, sometimes after the occurrence of a particularly awful crime. There will probably be crowd-pleasing politicians who will call for restoration of the death penalty. Slavery, the mutilation of prisoners and, increasingly, torture have been banished from judicial systems. The death penalty too has had its day.

NEWS CORRELATE
20 Agosto 2016
STATI UNITI
PENA SOSPESA PER JEFF WOOD

L'ESECUZIONE DI JEFFERY WOOD NON AVRA' LUOGO


LA SUA ESECUZIONE ERA STATA FISSATA PER IL 24 AGOSTO 2016
5 Luglio 2016
CONAKRY, GUINEA
L'abolizione della pena capitale era stata indicata come possibile dal Ministro della Giustizia Cheik Sako nel corso del Convegno promosso a Roma dalla Comunità di Sant'Egidio lo scorso febbraio

Guinea-Conakry: il parlamento ha approvato l'abolizione pena di morte dal codice penale


E' il primo passo per passare dalla moratoria de facto alla moratoria de jure. L'abolizione sarà la tappa successiva
25 Giugno 2016
OSLO, NORVEGIA
Marazziti presenta l'iniziativa della Comunità di Sant'Egidio

"Citiesforlife" a Oslo, come metodo per continuare nella via dell'abolizione #AbolitionNow


A Oslo la marcia degli abolizionisti per le strade della città
20 Giugno 2016
OSLO, NORVEGIA
Inizia oggi il VI Congresso Mondiale Contro la Pena di Morte a Oslo

La Comunità di Sant'Egidio partecipa al Congresso di Oslo con una delegazione da Italia, Congo, Belgio, Spagna, Germania e Indonesia


Sono 1500 gli iscritti provenienti da oltre 80 paesi del mondo, tra loro 20 ministri, 200 diplomatici, parlamentari, accademici, avvocati, associazioni e membri della società civile
4 Giugno 2016
CITTÀ DEL VATICANO
No alla pena di morte e all'ergastolo: "Una pena senza speranza è tortura"

Papa Francesco parlando ai magistrati e giuristi del mondo torna a dire No alla pena di morte

24 Maggio 2016
INDONESIA
La Comunità di Sant'Egidio in Indonesia e le associazioni indonesiane impegnate in difesa dei diritti umani come Kontras, Imparsial, Elsam, Lbh Masyarakat, chiedono di fermare le esecuzioni

La Chiesa e la società civile si mobilitano contro le esecuzioni capitali


Giacarta è tra le 15 città indonesiane dove negli anni scorsi si è tenuta la manifestazione "Città per la vita, città contro la pena di morte" organizzata da Sant'Egidio in oltre duemila comuni nei cinque continenti
tutte le news correlate

RASSEGNA STAMPA CORRELATA
4 Giugno 2016
The Washington Post

Meet the red-state conservatives fighting to abolish the death penalty
23 Maggio 2016
AP

Malaysian death row convict loses final appeal in Singapore
23 Maggio 2016
AsiaNews

Vescovo filippino: È presto per giudicare il contraddittorio Duterte. No alla pena di morte
14 Maggio 2016
Ilsole24ore

Pfizer blocca i farmaci per la pena di morte negli Usa
14 Maggio 2016
La Stampa

Pena di morte, Pfizer blocca l’uso dei suoi farmaci per le iniezioni letali negli Usa
tutta la rassegna stampa correlata

VIDEO FOTO
53
Video promo Cities for Life 2015
3:22

3 visite

2 visite

1 visite

1 visite

7 visite
tutta i media correlati