Le donazioni alla Comunità di Sant'Egidio sono fiscalmente deducibili
secondo la normativa vigente
 
Anche quest'anno è possibile destinare il 5x1000 alla Comunità di Sant'Egidio
Scrivi il numero 80191770587 nella dichiarazione dei redditi

Andrea Riccardi: sul web

Andrea Riccardi: sui social network

Andrea Riccardi: la rassegna stampa

change language
sei in: no pena di morte - rassegna stampa contattinewsletterlink

Sostieni la Comunità

 

AP

28 Novembre 2016

High court to examine mental disability, death penalty issue

 
versione stampabile
 
HOUSTON (AP) _ The U.S. Supreme Court is set to examine whether the nation's busiest state for capital punishment is trying to put to death a convicted killer who's intellectually disabled, which would make him ineligible for execution under the court's current guidance.
 
Lawyers for prisoner Bobby James Moore, 57, contend that the Texas Court of Criminal Appeals, the state's highest criminal court, ignored current medical standards and required use of outdated standards when it decided Moore isn't mentally disabled. That ruling removed a legal hurdle to Moore's execution for the shotgun slaying of a Houston grocery store clerk in 1980.
 
The Texas court is a ``conspicuous outlier'' among state courts and ``defies both the Constitution and common sense,'' Clifford Sloan, Moore's lead lawyer, told the justices in written briefs submitted ahead of Tuesday's scheduled oral arguments. Such a ``head-in-the-sand approach ... ignores advances in the medical community's understanding and assessment of intellectual disability over the past quarter century,'' he wrote.
 
Moore's lawyers want his death sentence set aside, contending his punishment would violate the Constitution's ban on cruel and unusual punishment and the Supreme Court's 2002 ruling in a North Carolina case that prohibited execution of the mentally disabled.
 
The Texas attorney general's office says the state ``fully complies'' with Supreme Court precedents. The state points to its use of 1992 clinical definitions for intellectual disability as cited by the high court in its 2002 decision. And the office says it has consulted and considered more recent standards.
 
The question before the high court ``rests on a false premise,'' Texas Solicitor General Scott Keller said, arguing that Moore's claim of intellectual disability is refuted ``under any relevant standard.''
 
Two years ago, the Supreme Court ruled unconstitutional a Florida law that barred any other evidence of intellectual disability if an inmate's IQ was over 70. Texas uses a three-pronged test to define intellectual disability: IQ scores, with 70 generally considered a threshold; an inmate's ability to interact with others and care for him or herself; and whether evidence of deficiencies in either of those areas occurred before age 18.
 
The state says Moore had a troubled childhood with little supervision and scored 57, 77 and 78 on IQ tests before dropping out of school in the ninth grade. He'd been convicted four times of felonies by age 17 but never was diagnosed with an intellectual disability as a youth, the state argues.
 
It describes him as living on the streets, playing pool for money and mowing lawns. During the fatal robbery of 72-year-old Houston supermarket clerk James McCarble, Moore wore a wig and fled to Louisiana afterward, and had represented himself in legal actions, showing the required intellectual capabilities, the state contends.
 
Moore's lawyers argue the state ``cherry-picked'' specific higher IQ scores, and that at age 13 Moore had no basic understanding of the days of the week or seasons of the year, couldn't tell time and couldn't read or write or keep up in school.
 
Since the Supreme Court allowed capital punishment to resume in 1976, Texas has carried out 537 executions, far more than any other state. Moore arrived on death row in July 1980, and only five of the state's some 250 condemned inmates have been there longer.
 
In 1999, an appeals court threw out his death sentence, ruling that the legal help at his trial was deficient. At a new punishment hearing two years later, a Harris County jury again sentenced him to die.
 
In an appeal of that verdict, the Court of Criminal Appeals returned the case to the trial court for a hearing, where the judge decided Moore was mentally disabled and ineligible for execution. But the appeals court rejected that recommendation, saying the trial judge had disregarded case law. Eight of the appeals court's nine members participated in the case, and two of them disagreed with the majority.
MICHAEL GRACZYK
NEWS CORRELATE
7 Luglio 2017
STATI UNITI
Dopo una vasta campagna mondiale basata sulla preoccupazione per la sua salute mentale e sulla richiesta di abolizione della pena di morte

Apprendiamo con dolore che in Virginia ha avuto luogo l'esecuzione di William Morva


William Morva, 35 anni, è morto alle 9.15 di giovedì nel centro correttivo di Greensville a Jarratt, in Virginia
24 Giugno 2017
STATI UNITI

Comunità di Sant'Egidio: a Washington per rafforzare l'impegno contro la pena di morte

2 Maggio 2017
STATI UNITI

Anthony Farina non è più condannato a morte. Non sarà libero, ma non rischia più l'esecuzione


Dal 2012 migliaia di appelli urgenti alle autorità e lettere e cartoline a Anthony hanno sostenuto questo importante cambiamento
29 Aprile 2017
STATI UNITI
Apprendiamo che lo Stato dell'Arkansas ha portato a termine quattro delle esecuzioni previste

L'ultima esecuzione ieri, Kenneth William era un afroamericano di 38 anni

21 Aprile 2017
STATI UNITI

L'Arkansas ha messo a morte uno dei condannati di nome Ledell Lee


E' prima esecuzione dal 2005. La nostra campagna continua con l'invio di appelli e la richiesta di clemenza
15 Aprile 2017
STATI UNITI
Un giudice ha accolto il ricorso dell'azienda produttrice dei farmaci: il prodotto non era stato venduto per questo scopo

Fermate le esecuzioni in Arkansas in seguito all'esposto di un'azienda farmaceutica


Il provvedimento è temporaneo, continuiamo a inviare appelli!
tutte le news correlate

RASSEGNA STAMPA CORRELATA
12 Novembre 2016
Internazionale

Si rafforza la pena di morte negli Stati Uniti
11 Novembre 2016

Al liceo classico “Socrate” di Bari, conferenza “Non c’è giustizia senza vita”
24 Ottobre 2016
New York Times

The Death Penalty, Nearing Its End
4 Giugno 2016
The Washington Post

Meet the red-state conservatives fighting to abolish the death penalty
tutta la rassegna stampa correlata

VIDEO FOTO
53
Video promo Cities for Life 2015
3:22

1 visite

1 visite

2 visite

0 visite

0 visite
tutta i media correlati